“Our common objective of Green Economy and Green Growth is to have sustainable development. It means that natural resources are made available to current and future generation. For poverty alleviation and sustainable development, Green Economy is one of the five leading headings under “The Future We Want” as well as one of the most important things for sustainable development.
Although there are so many alternative opportunities for adopting green economy policies, the policies should not be strict ones. All have agreed that Myanmar’s green economy may contribute to eradication of poverty, sustainable development, all inclusiveness, more job opportunities and better global eco system,” said Vice- President Dr Sai Mauk Kham at the opening ceremony of 2nd Green Economy and Green Growth Forum.
He continued to say that The Future We Want was announced in Rio+20 Declaration held in Brazil in June this year. In an attempt to enjoy sustainable development through green economy, every country should have different approaches, goals and many alternatives. In the cases of eradication of poverty and sustainable development, special emphasis is being placed on least environmental- degradation technology, research and development, technology transfer to developing countries and creation of sophisticated technology that can facilitate green economy.
It is also important for finance, technology, capacity building and important linkages between country’s necessities. Effective utilization of natural resources and effective management for environmental degradation and minimizing wastage become a green economy.
It is expected that the rapidly growing world population would reach nine billion by 2050. The growing population may bear too much burden on the use of natural resources. For instance, 41 percent of world’s population is living in arid zones and 20 percent have no access to clean water. With the growing population, more people who have no clean and safe water would increase. Due to the lack of effective utilization of water resources, people would face the scarcity of water, thereby leading to the outbreak of conflicts between some countries.
Effective ways for use of water for irrigation, urban cleaning and industries should put into consideration. That is to say, we should avoid the development due to excessive exploitation of natural resources for future development alone. Human beings play a crucial role for sustainable development in first Rio Declaration held in Brazil in 1992 and have rights to enjoy better environmental friendly life.
Anyway, green economy is the most appropriate way for future development. People around the world will have to make basic changes to use of resources, manufacturing and waste disposal. It means that it needs to change their old behaviors.
The Vice-President said that Myanmar was transforming itself into democracy in accord with the new constitution; that progress could be seen at the time when political , economic , social and administrative reforms were in progress; that among them, green growth and green economy could be assumed as a developmental policy; that the concept of placing emphasis on development first and addressing the bad consequences later on was out of date; and that in shaping the nation n to developed one through green economy, approach should be made in accord with the particular conditions of a certain country.
Sustainability of economic development through green economy had become more and more important as economic relations between Myanmar and foreign countries was in good shape while they were making arrangements to invest in industrial sector and other businesses and some were in here making investments.
If the nation was not on the track to green development, natural resources would be depleted soon and the way we chose would be widely blamed by next generation for depletion of natural resources. It was required to avoid the ways of social and economic development that could deplete natural resources.
Myanmar firmly pledged to implement the tasks of economic development in parallel with environmental conservation. All citizens had already been urged to actively participate in the environmental conservation works.
The government raised the awareness of environmental conservation, acknowledging the active participation of private sector and urging them to cooperate with the government. Environmental Conservation Law was promulgated in 2012 and the Ministry of Forestry was reconstituted as the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry.
Only cooperation through pragmatic efforts based on declarations, directives and pledges and decisions, could develop efficiency and effectiveness. Governments of each and every country make investments in green economy based on decisions made in the meetings led by the United Nations. In doing so, investments should be made till green economy saw remarkable progress.
He would like to urge panel of chairs and co chairs to supervise the whole meeting to be able to produce good outcomes.
Transformation of green development from national to international levels called for aid and sustainable development and he believed that practical processes and good results would emerge in the meeting.
The Vice-President said he would like to praise the GEGG, the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry and the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development for organizing the forum and make a wish for the success of the forum and emergence of good outcomes asspired by every one.
Next, Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham posed for a documentary photo together with the Union ministers and those present. Then Chairman of GEGG U Thein Tun and scholars spoke on the occasion.
In his speech, Union Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry U Win Tun said that the world nations were striving for economic growth with the increased use of natural resources and environment; that it could be seen in developing countries; that sustainability of economic growth should be not only for today’s generation but for next generation. According to the agenda, officials read out their papers respectively.
Also present at the forum together with the Vice-President were Union ministers, deputy ministers, members of environmental conservation, the Vice- Chairman of ADB, representatives of Norwegian and Swedish governments, resident representatives of UN agencies, representatives of international organizations, departmental heads and guests.
The second Green Economy and Green Growth Forum will be held up to 15 November.