Technologies and funds are needed for green economy initiatives while shaping the scheme of poverty alleviation and sustainable development in developing countries, President U Thein Sein said at an opening of the 3rd Green Economy Green Growth Forum held at Myanmar International Convention Centre-MICC, here, this morning.
It was also attended by Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham, the Union ministers, the committee chairmen of Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw, the deputy ministers, the chairman and members of Myanmar Green Economy Green Growth, responsible persons of Myanmar Engineering Society, Association of Myanmar Architects, the UN agencies and international organizations, local and foreign environmentalists, foreign diplomats, departmental heads and guests. President U Thein Sein delivered an address on the occasion. He said: the paramount important tools for achieving statainable development and poverty reduction which was discussed as priority topic in Rio+20 in 2013. In seeking economic developmentthrough green economy, Myanmar has view that there should be different approaches and models based on each country’s national circumstances and priorities as no one sized fit all.
According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (2013), our planet is changing into the warmer situation expressing, “Each of the last three decades has been successively earmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850”. This is because of the past developmental trend of, “Growth first, Clean up later”. As a result, we are now facing with more frequent natural disasters such as storms, floods, drought, untimely rainfall posed by climate changes than ever before.
These frequent natural disasters jeopardize our activities for poverty eradication, for hunger-free world. Taking this opportunity, I am very pleased to say that Myanmar has been making great efforts in mitigation and adaptation measures in order to cope with ever changing climate such as enactment of Environmental Conservation Law in 2012, preparation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) in 2013, reforestation of watershed areas and extending Protected Area System and conserving biodiversity across the country.
Food, water and energy systems are actually inextricably linked one another, and we therefore should not view these systems separately.
If food, water and energy nexus becomes unbalanced, there will then be clear consequences for public health, our economy and the environment. If there is drought, for example, there will be no capability of producing food from the drier land, and it will finally lead to increasing food and wood-fuel prices.
As you all are aware, modern agriculture relies upon machinery that runs on gasoline and diesel fuel. Therefore, today, we are at the age where we need to develop renewable energy sources through geothermal, wind, solar power, and failing to do this will greatly threaten our survival. Sustainable production and consumption is vitally important for long-term use of our natural resources and environment. We must recognize that these resources belong not only to present but also to future generations. Here I would like to emphasize the importance of forests in seeking development.
Forests can be considered as a centre of sustainable development because forests support varieties of ecosystem services including food, fresh water and energy which are under discussion in today’s forum. Forests regulate climatic system, protect biodiversity and soil, produce fresh air, sequester carbon dioxide, and we therefore need to protect forests at our utmost priority. Nowadays, we have been inviting international investment in Myanmar for the sake of all round development of the country. Myanmar has been in the process of changing pathway to sustainable development through low carbon economy and green technologies.
Myanmar firmly believes the green economy contributes to eradicating poverty as well as to sustained economic growth, enhancing social inclusion, improving human welfare and creating opportunities for employment and decent work for all, while maintaining the healthyfunctioning of the Earth’s Ecosystems.
Next, Union Minister U Win Tun, Chairman of Myanmar Green Economy Green Growth (Myanmar) U Thein Tun, Chairman of Indonesian President’s Advisory Council Indonesian Retired Minister Prof. Mr. Emil Salim and Ms. Julie M. Jacobsen Takahashi, charge d’ affaires ai of Norwegian Embassy in Myanmar extended greetings.
Then, the President and the Vice-President posed for documentary photos together with those present.
Afterwards, the third forum of green growth and green economy followed.
The forum will be held on 20 November 2013 in Nay Pyi Taw and 20 and 22 November at Diamond Jubilee Hall of Yangon University.