Draft Extended Summary Highlights

INCEPTION AND IMPLEMENTATION MEETING
ASEAN INSTITUTE FOR GREEN ECONOMY (AIGE)
6 – 8 February 2018
MICC 2 Myanmar International Convention Center 2, Nay Pyi Taw

WITH

COORDINATION AND SUPPORT BY THE FOLLOWING UNION MINISTRIES , RUPBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR

Foreign Affairs; Natural Resources & Environmental Conservation; Home Affairs; Information; Religious Affairs & Culture; Agriculture, Livestock & Irrigation; Transport & Communication; Electricity and Energy; Labor, Immigration & Population; Industry; Commerce; Education; Health & Sports; Planning and Finance; Construction; Social Welfare, Relief & Resettlement; Hotels & Tourism; International Cooperation.
and GEGG (not for profit) Association.
SUPPORT BY
Asian Development Bank; United Nations Development Programme ;
UN Environment; World Wildlife Fund, GEGG (not for profit) Association Members & Associates

THE WEBSITE < WWW.GEGGMYANMAR.ORG>
CONTAINS POWER POINTS PRESENTATIONS
AND PHOTO GALLERY

THE STRUCTURE
The AIGE Inception and Implementation meeting was attended by over 450 participants and addressed four cross cutting thematic areas advocating the imperative need for integrated, holistic, innovative and transformative policies, strategies and practices to support a green. Clean and sustainable ASEAN
The Inaugural Keynote Address by H.E U Myint Swe, Vice President, is in Annex 1; the Message by H.E Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, in Annex 2 , delivered by H.E U Ohn Win Union Minister for Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Republic of the Union of Myanmar; the Final Programme and the presentations, are uploaded in the
website < www.geggmyanmar.org >
Erik Solheim, UN Environment Executive Director and UN Under Secretary General , gave the Special Address

  • H.E U Win Khaing, Union Minister for Electricity and Energy, Chaired the Eminent Persons Roundtable Dialogue : ASEAN Challenges and Opportunities for Green Economy Green Growth
    The Keynote was given by H.E Professor Yongyuth , Yuthavong , former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand,
  • Eminent Speakers were Prof. Datuk Dr. Raduan Che Rose, President/Chief Executive Officer, Majlis Professor *Negara, Prime Minister’s Department, Putrajaya , Malaysia and
  • Ambassador (Retd.) Ms. Kang Siew Kheng, Senior Fellow, RSIS Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

There were four consecutive thematic Sessions :

 

  • Improving Green and Blue Sustainability and Productivity, Chaired by H.E Huub Buise, Deputy Ambassador and Head of Economic Development, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Myanmar
  • Transition towards Low-carbon, Renewable and Clean Energy, Chaired by Mr. Wutipong Apichonnabutr, Dept of Alternate Energy Development and Efficiency, Ministry of Energy, Thailand, Co-Chaired by Col. Thoung Win ( Retd.) , Chairman , Energy and Renewable Energy Committee , Myanmar Engineering Society
  • Keynote Speaker: K S Venkatagiri, Executive Director, CII-Godrej GBC, Hyderabad, India
  • Principal Speaker / Discussant: Prof. Devinder Mahajan, Graduate Program Director Chemical & Molecular Engineering, Director, Institute of Gas Innovation and Technology (I-GIT) Advanced Energy Research and Technology Center (AERTC), Stony Brook University, US;
  • Protecting and improving Environmental Health, Chaired by Ms. Kakuko Nagatani-Yoshida, Coordinator for Chemicals, Waste and Air quality, UN Environment Asia and the Pacific Office and Co-Chair Dr.Khin Maung Lwin , Steering Committee Member, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council. Geneva and Former Director, Myanmar Ministry of Health.
  • Introduction Ms Kakuko Nakatani – Yoshida
  • Keynote Speaker / Principal Discussant , Dr.(Mrs) Jutamaad Satayavivad
    Deputy Director, Center of Excellence on Environmental Health and Toxicology
    Faculty of Science, Mahidol University and Associate Vice President for Scientific Affairs, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok.
  • Capacity Building, Training, Education, Research for Green Economy and Disaster Risks Reduction and Recovery Chaired by H.E Ambassador Dr.Luan Thyu Duong, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar
  • Keynote Speaker / Principal Discussant.. Professor Worsak Kanok-Nukulchai, President AIT, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Keynote Speaker / Principal Discussant Ambassador (Retd.) Ms. Kang Siew, Senior Fellow, RSIS Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
  • Keynote Speaker & Principal Discussant Dr. Ko Ko Naing, Director General, Disaster Management Dept. (former Relief & Resettlement Department).
  • The Session on Presentation and Discussion on Draft Summary Highlights Report Was Chaired by H.E Ambassador Eduardo JR Kapounana, Ambassador of the Philippines to the Republic of Union of Myanmar , Co-Chair E. Vuthy Deputy Secretary General , General Secretariat for National Council for Sustainable Development, Cambodia
  • The Way Forward Session was Chaired by H.E Dr U Set Aung Deputy Minister for Planning and finance and the Principal Discussant was H.E Ambassador Ong Keng Yong, Executive Deputy Chairman; Director, Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Former ASEAN Secretary General.
  • The Final Closing Key Note Address was given by H.E. Dr . Myo Thein Gyi,, Union Minister for Education, Myanmar.
  • H.E U Ohn Win, Union Minister for Natural resources and Environmental Conservati0n hosted a Welcome Reception and Dinner and GEGG (not profit ) Association hosted a Welcome Lunch

SUMMARY HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSIONS

Session 1 Eminent Persons Roundtable Dialogue : ASEAN Challenges and Opportunities for Green Economy Green Growth
Prof.Yongyuth Yuthavong, “Green Economy: the Future of ASEAN”

    • ASEAN is Green
    • ASEAN is biodiverse
    • The world is in trouble…
    • Good reasons to look to ASEAN
    • The Happy Planet Index. ASEAN countries are doing very well with respect to the Happy Planet Index.
    • Reasons why Southeast Asia should develop green economy. People at the base of the pyramid: mostly rural, with green resources for main livelihood
    • The three pillars of a healthy economy. Green Economy: “Planet”; Competitive Economy
      “Profit”; Inclusive Economy “People”
    • HM King Bhumibol: Sufficiency Economy Principle: The Middle Path. Knowledge; Ethics
      Individual/Society/Environment; Balanced/Sustainable.
    • Sufficiency Economy Principle: Knowledge/Traditional Wisdom Base Emphasis on moderation, reason and immunity against rapid changes rather than the profit motive
      Using existing resources as much as possible, but depends on self-reliance rather than self-sufficiency
      Does not cover the whole economy
      Does not contradict with competitive economy, but can be complementary
      Both economies require knowledge as basis
    • Related Concepts to Sufficiency Economy
    • Sufficiency Economy Principles for Sustainable Development Goals
    • Chairman’s Statement, 25th ASEAN Summit: “Moving Forward in Unity to a Peaceful and Prosperous Community” Nay Pyi Taw, 12 November 2014
    • Sparks from the Spirit (2018) From Science to Innovation, Development and Sustainability.…creates an understanding of science and its role in innovation and sustainable development and points out unfilled gaps in human development.

prof. Datuk Dr. Raduan Che Rose “Malaysia Towards a Green Econom

  • Malaysia’s Commitment to UN & other Declarations
  • Policies Related to Green Growth
  • The Green Technology Master Plan (GTMP) aims to boost growth of Malaysia’s green technology sector, with targeted revenue of RM180 billion, while creating more than 200,000 green jobs by 2030.
  • The plan outlines Malaysia’s green technology strategy to create a resource-efficient, low-carbon footprint economy.
  • It cut across six major sectors — energy, manufacturing, building, transport, waste and water
  • Green Economy Indicators (GEI)
  • Green Finance in National Budget 2018
  • RM5 billion under the Green Technology Financing Scheme to promote green technology industry in line with the Green Technology Master Plan 2017-2030;
  • State Level Promoted Sectors in Green Economy Guidelines Iskandar Malaysia (2017)
  • The Science & Technology Foresight Malaysia 2050 aims to describe Malaysia’s Science and Technology towards 2050 and emphasises the development of emerging technologies in five main areas:
  • Biotechnology, Digital Technology, Green Technology, Nanotechnology and Neurotechnology
  • 95 emerging technologies relevant to Malaysia’s advancement towards 2050 were identified, which includes 21 impactful emerging technologies that should be prioritised
  • Envisioning Malaysia 2050 Academy Sciences Malaysia (ASM) identified nine key drivers to steer the nation towards becoming a Progressive Malaysia 2050 through the Foresight Institute that is harmonious, prosperous and sustainable.

Session 2 Improving Green and Blue Sustainability and Productivity
Rapporteur Martin Cosier, UNDP
Session Notes
Key points and common messages from the Session

  • It is clear that biodiversity provides significant benefits to society and the economy, and is critical to the achievement of the SDGs, but that it remains under threat – the cost of doing nothing to protect biodiversity is too extreme.
  • It is vital to identify mutual benefits and opportunities for building shared value from natural resource management and biodiversity conservation, and it is necessary to take an integrated, systems approach to achieve this.
  • An integrated, systems approach is necessary to provide robust decision-support tools, including for prioritisation and to help determine choices where trade-offs are necessary.
  • Comprehensive valuations of ecosystem services will enable informed, upstream decision-making on investment and development priorities and strategies, allowing sustainable choices and avoiding the need for costly mitigation measures.
  • Integrated approaches allow for smarter approaches to solutions by bringing different perspectives and experiences.
  • Integrated approaches include involving multiple sectors and multiple organisations to obtain true landscape scale analyses (including land use conflict factors).
  • Improved understandings of the role of supply chains will also support improved decision-making – to support the demand-driven development of green economic activities, and to overcome barriers to green investments.
    Recommended actions for AIGE
  • Research, pilot and promote innovative approaches to:
  • Ecosystem service valuation
  • Integrated land and seascape planning
  • Participatory frameworks for incorporating the value and role of ecosystem services in decision-making
  • Strengthening supply chains to support green production and investment.

Detailed notes from presenters
Huub Buise – Chair

  • Sets scene that there is a clear need for new ways of operating to ensure sustainability
  • What can be done to build a green economy? Focus on implementation
  • Green the tax system
  • Expand market incentives
  • Mainstream green growth
  • Dutch policy framework – highlights importance of circular economy for future
  • Private sector partnerships: Green Deals in Amsterdam
  • “Inaction is no option and green growth is the domain of all sectors”
  • need creative pubic-private partnerships

Doley Tshering: using integrated approaches; example of two approaches from UNDP Biodiversity Programme

  • Attempt to convert Chair’s framework into practical examples of UNDP work on ground
  • Highlights from The Economics of Ecosytems and Biodiversity as reminders to the green and blue underpinnings of economies
  • Linking value of biodiversity to SDGs
  • E.g. India medicinal conservation project supplies 830 million people with plant based medicines
  • Myanmar PA project – USD 1 invested in conservation yields a return of USD 40
  • YET still witnessing unprecedented loss of natural capital, plus climate change exacerbates loss, impacts and costs of action
  • UNDP Biodiverstiy Programme – three signature programs
  • Mainstreaming
  • PAs
  • CC mitigation and adaptation
  • Green Commodities Programme
  • Encouraging sustainable commodity production at the national level and connecting markets
  • Various drivers for agricultural commodities include
  • Demand for sustainable
  • Producer country drivers and barriers
  • Low productivity – high number smallholders with limited education
  • Policies
  • Weak enforcement of PAs
  • Roles of private sector
  • Influence (governments listen)
  • Make sustainability a commercial issue
  • Expertise in productivity and supply chains
  • Ensures interventions are commercially viable and hence sustainable
  • Ridge to Reef – importance of integrated thinking: also needed to deliver multiple benefits and sustainable growth (including development benefits)
  • Ecosystems threats are exacerbated by the links
  • Biodiversity for development:
  • Go beyond just looking at threats and pressures and put more emphasis on creating value
  • Invest in maintaining ecological infrastructure
  • Ecosystem based adaptation and resilience building

Hanna Helsingen

  • Why protect nature? Because we – people and economy – are totally dependent on it.
  • Working to establish deeper understanding on the value of that dependence: how does the economy depend on nature? How does it impact upon nature?
  • Currently only the value of timber is in the national accounting system
  • Now trying to include valuations of other ecosystem services including flood mitigation
  • Ministry of Planning and Finance understands that disasters have negative impacts on economic growth
  • 2015 floods: 3.1% of GDP
  • Must understand value of nature, but then use that to integrate into decision-making systems including how much needs to be spent
  • Need to better understand who are the beneficiaries
  • Also need to understand what happens in terms of costs if services are lost (e.g. lose this wetland or this forest)
  • Upstream challenge: how to bring environmental considerations into early stages of deciding where and what to invest?
  • Harnessing power of private sector requires sending clear signals to help investors generate social and environmental benefits as well as generating economic benefits
  • Consider assessing all investment proposals against the SDGs and national development objectives
  • Can also help avoid the costs of trying to mitigate un-mitigatable impacts of projects: avoid the problem arising in the first place
  • Tanintharyi important transboundary landscape – between Thailand and Myanmar
  • Targeted for a lot of infrastructure development
  • Biggest concern is proliferation of roads into the forest
  • Need to better account for the costs of building roads
  • Think about design: landscape architects think about the solutions more than the problems – value of thinking differently
  • Shouldn’t have to justify the additional costs of better designed roads – should be clear from more comprehensive understanding of the value of nature

Professor Michael Jeger: Greening Horticulture

  • Achieving green horticulture
  • Policy agenda
  • Science providing evidence base
  • Technology to implement the strategy
  • Components of greening
  • Reduction of pesticide reliance, including through integrated pest management
  • Maintain biodiversity especially genetic resources
  • New trade opportunities – interceptions of pests and pathogens, and pesticide residues are barriers
  • Systems approach: achieving individual components is insufficient; need to understand trade-offs will be necessary (success in one place may counteract another) and so need decision-
  • making framework
  • Many initiatives in SE Asia, but most attention has been on vegetables rather than fruit
  • Beyond Compliance example
  • Ensure policy, strategy and tactics are in sync
  • Understand where trade-offs will be required and provide systems to support this.

Prof. Khin Thida Myint and Dr Saw Hto Lwe Htoo: Towards Green Horticulture in Myanmar

  • Important to understand trend from agriculture based economy towards industrialization, which also leads to greater integration with global markets
  • Horticulture critical for food security
  • High and increasing domestic consumption of chemical fertilizers and importation of pesticides
  • Significance of land grabs and land use conflict as barriers to development of greener horticulture
  • Challenges:
  • Transparency and traceability in supply chains
  • Seed source and quality
  • Cheap and unregulated chemicals and farm inputs
  • Poor regulatory framework
  • Insufficient official food safety monitoring and control
  • Poor labour standards and rights
  • Lack of clarity over land tenure and registration
  • Unresolved land grabs
  • Towards green horticulture
  • Cropping system – diversification and new practices
  • Genetic resources – conservation and breeding
  • Production technology – integrated farming
  • Opportunities
  • local infrastructure improvement
  • better logistical and marketing arrangement
  • effiient smallholder production
  • safe food production and public incentives
  • value chain and market reinforcement
  • postharvest and value added commodity development
  • urban horticulture and home garden
  • agrotourism development

Dr. Grant Connette: Mapping land use in Myanmar and effects on terrestrial biodiversity

  • Mapping is a tool to support determinations of good investment of limited resources
  • Forest cover change 2002-2014
  • 11.3% of intact forest cover loss
  • highest rates of loss are occurring in areas where there is the strongest remaining intact forest
  • Tanintharyi forest cover classification and forest cover remaining for each class
  • Habitat mapping for large mammals
  • Multi-partner approach
  • Main drivers of animals in order:
  • how close is nearest village
  • how far is nearest road;
  • how intact is the forest
  • Using biodiversity baseline data to inform EIAs and mitigate road impacts through better informed design
  • Importance of capacity building for effective biodiversity monitoring
  • Using science to guide development by forecasting land use change and biodiversity impacts and by holding spatial planning workshops for policymakers

Dr. Lam Hung Son: MRC contibution

  • MRC considers AIGE and the adoption of green economy as important
  • Recognise links between forestry and flood mitigation strategies
  • Integrated approach needed to hydropower development to ensure things like impacts on fish are considered

Session 3 Transition towards Low-carbon, Renewable and Clean Energy
K.S Venkatagari
1. Focus on Greening of Industry, Building sector and Agriculture. These three areas cover majority of the environment impact of the region and are worthy of pursuing.
2. Two pronged approach – immediate – Implementation of existing best practices of the ASEAN region and Long-term – Focus on Innovation and Green Entrepreneurship.
3. Facilitate a green network in the ASEAN region
4.Develop role models – industry, building etc
5. Facilitate green financing for ASEAN region
6. Develop green metrics and monitor (GHG footprint, carbon intensity etc)
7. AIGE headquarter to be a model green building

Professor Devinder Mahajan ´ Waste Resource Potential for Monetization
Key take-home points

  • A sensible solution to manage fugitive gases is to utilize them (business model) that will incentivize countries to address climate change.
  • For example, harvesting flared and fugitive CH4 can mitigate GHGs to replace 3 mboe/d (~3% of global consumption)
  • Building flexible product options. For example, both GHGs (CO2 and CH4) can be converted to transportation fuels like renewable methanol that can be further converted to diesel substitute (dimethyl ether) or gasoline.
  • The constraint to the fugitive gas utilization is to develop economical modular units since the feedstock is small.
  • The utilization of fugitive gases would be a model for future megacities where most waste will be generated.
    This approach could accommodate both the expected increased standard-of-living as well as population increase to 9 billion by 2050.
    Dr. Scott Turn
    1. When dealing with biomass related energy issues, there is a need to treat the whole value chain from biomass resource, collection logistics, conversion to targeted bioproduct, distribution of the bioproduct through to the end user and their “consumption of the bioproduct”.
    2. Emphasize doing more with less: characterize efficiencies at all points along the value chain and then target those that can be improved with highest impacts.
    3. Consider conducting technology assessments to support development of clean energy systems with the local conditions as a major criteria, i.e. to identify appropriate technologies.

Engr. Col. Thoung Win ( Retd. )
(1) AIGE Establishment in Myanmar is great opportunity for Myanmar and ASEAN’s strategic Choice.
(2) It can be a practical and life size laboratory for the Formulation, Implementation, Testing and PDCA Circle of GEGG principles.
(3) Almost all of the GEGG activities can be put into practice and they shall become success stories or show case Business Models.
(4) Almost all Renewable and New Energy and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Technologies can be applied and utilized and Investments and collaboration with International organization and companies can be commercially implemented.
(5) The “Late Comer’s Advantage” of Myanmar is true and it can be proved in putting GEGG principles into work. Myanmar can leapfrog for example using Electric Vehicles and electricity for Road Transportation (Cars, Trucks Trains and locomotives) by making the electricity generation sufficient using the different potential resources of Energy in Myanmar. (Solar, Wind, Hydro, Biomass, Gas, (Natural and Bio)).
(6) ASEAN vision 2020 – 6 Areas of cooperation, except coal and clean coal Technology, other 5 areas are directly under the scope of GEGG and AIGE. These are very broad, diversified, opportunistic and challenging Regional Business Cooperation.
(7) Efficient Resource Management and Mobilization including Human Capital Resource Mobilization can be a Fore Front Activity of AIGE, GEGG and relevant Ministries of The Government of the Union of Myanmar.

Sudhir Sharma, “Enabling ASEAN Transition to Low Carbon Development”
Key to Science based policy making

  • Regular scientific assessments to evaluate the scientific evidence relevant to low carbon transition and develop synthesis for policy makers (e.g., UN Environment Emission gap report)
  • Engaging scientific bodies in reviewing policy decisions against scientific evidence to identifying possible risks and opportunities related to key political decisions.
  • Convening a regular scientific conference to inform the deliberations on relevant themes of policy interest.
  • Creating a platform for scientific dialogues between science community and policy makers.

UN Cooperating with AIGE in supporting ASEAN Low Carbon Transition

  • Using UN’s wealth of expertise and experience in supporting science based assessments and promoting their application for environmental policy and decision making in identify and developing relevant assessement to support the transition
  • Create a science platform for evaluating scientific evidence and recommending environment and Climate Change related strategies, policies and plans
  • Work towards a platform for enhancing policy dialogue on environment and climate change – bringing together science community and policy makers
  • Sharing best practices, knowledge and experiences and enhancing capacities on mainstreaming environment and climate change issues
  • Using UN’s wealth of experience and expertise in strengthening the implementation of individual MEAs central to ASPEN strategic priority areas.
  • Joint programme on building capacity

Session 4 Protecting and improving Environmental Health,
Key Summaries.
The Key messages from Chulabhorn Research Institute, Dr. Jutamaad are as follows
Protecting and improving environmental health through research and capacity building
1. For countries to effectively cope with environmental health problems, qualified and trained personnel in environmental health and toxicology is crucial and in need.
2. Identifying environmental risk factors and impacts of exposure through research in environmental health toxicology and epidemiology, then initiate preventive measures for the control and reduction of exposure and hence these risks through regulation, information dissemination, education and training of personnel at various level
3. Much research is needed to gain better understanding the health risks and impacts of exposure to chemicals and infectious agents. To define the inter linkages, such that the policy decision and interventions can be taken to control and ultimately reduce the global burden of disease attributed to them, thereby improving the quality of life for all.
4. Human health is an integrated part of everyone’s standard of living. Affecting human health affects the present and future workforce which will in turn, affect sustainable development.
The Key messages from WHO Country Office for Myanmar, Dr. Badri are as follows
1. AIGE in coordination with WHO and other stakeholders should develop the matrix or the country activity mapping exercise for what has happen in line with the SDGs (targets vs achievements). This would enable Environment and Health stakeholders to support country to achieve the SDGs.
2. Minimum set of indicators should be selected out of many that are listed for each SDGs to track the progress in this areas.
3. “No one should be left behind” as this is clear that SDGs are achieved with inter-sectoral (multi-sectoral) collaboration and AIGE can play an advocacy role.
The Key messages from UN Environment Mr. Masato Motoki are as follows
1. The priority areas to be identified by ASEAN Institute for Green Economy in consultation with member states. The consultation process will review options for strengthening the enabling regulatory and policy environment. Asia Pacific Regional Forum on Health and Environment and its Thematic Working Groups can be an opportunity to find the way to work together with AIGE, Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Health.
2. In order to provide ASEAN decision makers, practitioners and young professionals from government and business with a practical introduction to the green economy concept such as circular economy, it is proposed that the ASEAN Institute for Green Economy and the UN Environment develop an interactive Green Economy programme for ASEAN countries.
3. Promoting policy interventions, investments, study to fill missing the data on the environment and health impacts and institutional capacity-building for sound management of chemicals and waste throughout their life-cycle are strongly encouraged.
4. Encouraging sustainable growth and improving the standard of life by promoting sustainable consumption and urban infrastructure design that enables green living/ lifecycle are high priorities. Also, strengthening efforts in the areas of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and cooperation on linkages between health and environment through public health campaigns would be necessary.

The Key messages from Global Health Asia, Dr. Nicole De Paula are as follows
1.The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, featuring 17 SDGs, will only be effectively implemented if a holistic vision of development is practiced.
2.We are allowing the natural world to disappear without fully understanding what will be lost and how we are being affected. We are not doing a good job informing people in a way that they feel empowered to act. Certainly, not at the pace needed! Be a knowledge broker!
3.Damaging the planet damages human health—food security, infectious diseases, poverty trap-stress, AMR, occupational hazards are relevant examples.
4. To address problems at the interface of health and the environment, we must overcome the fragmentation within disciplines and be inclusive. Planetary health provides a vision to accomplish this endeavor.
5. Improvement in health requires a secure foundation in multiple fronts, as indicated by the SDGs—We need to foster transdisciplinarity and further integrate social scientists when designing health public policies that affect the environment.

The Key messages from National Poison Control Centre, Department of Medical Research, Dr. Khin Phyu Phyu are as follows

  • Research should be linked to collaboration.
  • Research findings have to be followed by appropriate action
  • That action has to be empowered by technologies
  • Capacity building for heavy metal poisoning research related to environment and human e.g heavy metal poisoning research on Mercury, Lead, Cadmium and Arsenic is needed.
  • Multi sectorial activity is necessary to implement the management of environmental issues.

Session 5 Capacity Building, Training, Education, Research for Green Economy and Disaster Risks Reduction and Recovery
Rapporteur: Shawn Kelly, AIT
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Prof. Worsak Kanok-Nukulchai, President, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand
Highlights

  • Outlined the three transformations (to date) to human civilization as: Agricultural Revolution (16th &17th C.), Industrial Revolution (18th and 19thC), Digital Revolution (20th & 21st C) and coming Artificial Intelligence (AI) Revolution of the 21st Century.
  • In 1800, only 3% of the world’s populations lived in cities – today over 50% of humanity call urban areas home. Rapid urbanization combined with growing socioeconomic inequality are profound forces driving political and economic change.
  • In our globalized, interconnected world, a number of megatrends are challenging the very fabric of our existence like never before. These are: Population Boom, Rapid Urbanization, Climate Change, Global Interconnectedness, Wealth Inequality and Aging Societies.
  • Global Technological Trend defined by: Change is Rapid, Change is Global, Change is Disruptive
  • It could be said that we are living in “exponential times” paced by extraordinarily fast alterations in human health, climate, biodiversity, ecosystems, demographics, transportation, information and communications, and disruptive game-changing technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence.
    At the same time, the pace of adoption of new technologies is also accelerating.
  • The Artificial Technology (AI) transformation is coming sooner than most people think, and we must become prepared for the enormous potential it has to alter our world. It will disrupt all aspects of our lives.
  • Our planet is getting more crowded and more urbanized by the day. In fact, in the last 200 years the human population increased from 1 billion to about 7.5 billion people.
  • Overall, the so-called ‘Six Ds’ of digitization, deception, disruption, demonetization, dematerialization, and democratization describe a road map of rapid development that always seen enormous upheaval and also opportunity.
  • Opportunities exist from the Global Challenges.

Question: How can we best educate our students in the 21st Century age of Exponential Disruption?

  • Higher Education must change, as today’s approaches are not aligned to the world taking shape tomorrow. Existing education models are based on the 20th Century models to support the Industrial Revolution. Education must change, but it is usually one of the last to change.
  • We must equip students with the tools to be capable of adapting to a future marked by exponential, disruptive change – to face a future of constant change and uncertainty.
  • Lifelong learning is critical. The ‘Four-Cs’ of The Partnership for 21st Century Learning – critical thinking, communication, creativity and collaboration – are skills that are essential for lifelong learning in the 21st century.
  • Moreover, since the megatrends are global, we are called to build a global ecosystem of green higher education institutions (HEIs) and promoting globally responsible citizenry though green capacity building, green training, green education, and green research, all the while striving for global cooperation and global solutions.
  • Earth is telling us that it has reached its breaking point, and it is up to us to respond. Green Education can support the Green Economy.
  • Green Principles can and should be built into Green Education
  • Green R&D must cut across borders and boundaries.
  • Now is the time that universities can play a key role to push forward a necessary paradigm change for green economy. AIT can play a role, owing to its academic, research, training and outreach programs which cut across countries and disciplines. AIT positions itself as a ‘Global Research Institute for the Sustainable Future of Mankind.’
  • AIT is a uniquely political neutral regional platform to tackle global issues that transcend borders and boundaries like the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • AIT aims to graduate leaders in disciplines that will contribute directly to the coming green economy, by strengthen countries’ higher education institutions, research profiles and national organizations.
  • AIT produces Globally Responsible Citizens who are knowledgeable, skilled and eager to contribute to sustainable, green national economic growth; who take local action with global perspectives; who appreciate diversity in cultures and religions; who act in environmentally responsible ways; who appreciate research for mankind; and who believe in interdisciplinary teamwork.
  • AIT’s emphasis is on cultivating in our students what we call the ‘5-Is’, defined by: interdisciplinary competence, industrial relevance, ICT literacy, innovative mindset and international perspective.
  • ASEAN Higher Education networking is crucial to success. AIT is the hub for the Greater Mekong Sub-region Academic Research Networks (GMSARN) and is a node in ASEAN for the global
  • Climate Technology Center and Network (CTCN).
    AIT Proposal (Recommendation)
    The Asian Institute of Technology proposes the formation of the ASEAN Green Research and Environmental Education Network (AGREEN) – a network of universities in ASEAN for green capacity building, training, education and research.
    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ambassador (Retd.) Ms. Kang Siew Kheng, Senior Fellow, RSIS Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Highlights

  • For the last 1.5 years the Challenges and Opportunities that Green Growth present for ASEAN have been discussed.
  • Expressed confidence that the issues will be taken up at ASEAN level this year for success of the Green Growth journey.
  • Now. Regionally and nationally governments across the regional need to:
    Forge stronger ‘Private-Partner-People-Partnerships’
    Actively debate and coordinate measures to address regional health and environmental risks
    Continue building on policies and fiscal regimes that will include properly addressing environmental risks by:
  • Taxing industries that are big carbon emitters of carbon and extend tax breaks on others for the opposite effect
  • Promote measures for the efficient production and green models and green practices
  • Invest more in green industries and green technologies
  • Capacity Building, Training and key to informing Green Growth strategy.
  • Question: How does AIGE position itself to be a key player for Green Growth?
  • Referred to the ASEAN Strategic Action Plan for SMEs Development (2016-2025) – and its 5 strategies: (1) Promote productivity, technology and innovation, (2) Increase accessibility, (3) Enhance market access and internationalization (4) Enhance policy and regulatory environment and (5) Promote entrepreneurship and human capital development.
  • AIGE can build upon existing SMEs frameworks.
  • Increase emphasis on entrepreneurship, human capital development and learning.
  • Cautioned against a ‘One Size Fits All’ approach.
  • Stressed a need to prioritize actions.
  • Offered a Practical Framework of guiding principles to take stock of SMEs’ Green Growth (as a way to prioritize actions). The framework involves an assessment of: Willing / Unwilling and Able / Unable. Policy makers can use the analysis to inform policy development, such as incentives.
    Recommendation(s)
    (1) AIGE focus on research to help promote ASEAN’s Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), as the ASEAN Secretariat describes ASEAN businesses as primarily “Micro” SMEs or MSMEs. They are critical to: Job creation, contribution to regional GDP and are a factor in bringing about regional integration. SMEs are responsible for between 30-53% of GDP in members’ countries.
    (2) Introduce logical frameworks for taking stock of SMEs performance on green growth to inform policy prescriptions.
    __________________________________________________________________________________

Dr. Ko Ko Naing, Director General, Disaster Management Department (Former Relief and Resettlement Department) Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Myanmar

Highlights

  • Overall theme of his talk was on need for Disaster Recovery Capacity Building
  • ASEAN faces a high degree of exposure to a wide range of natural disasters such as typhoons, cyclones, earthquakes, floods, tsunamis etc. The region faces US$ 4.4 Bil. in losses in ASEAN every year from disasters
  • Rapid urbanization, changes in economic structure and climate change are increasing the frequency and scale of disasters
  • Regional cooperation is needed
  • Myanmar is the co-chair of ASEAN’s Disaster Management Recovery Working Group.
  • ASEAN Disaster Recovery Reference Guide (2016) is a key manual for the region. It outlines five key components (1) Policy on Training For Recovery (2) Establish an Institutional Framework for Recovery (3) Post-Disaster Assessment (4) Resource Mobilization and Financial Management for Recovery and (5) Coordination and Communication for Recovery.
  • Indian Ocean Tsunami (2002), Cyclone Nargis (2008), Thailand Flood (2011) and Typhoon Hayan (2013) are recent examples.
  • We need a proactive approach to building resilience for recovery
  • Preferred the term “Capacity ‘Development’ for Disaster Recovery” rather than Capacity Building
  • Stressed the importance of preparedness and capacity for Recovery and Reconstruction

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Prof. Chao Zhang, Sustainability Science and Public Policy, School of Economics and Management, Sustainable Development & New Type Urbanization Think Tank, Tongji University, China
Title of Presentation was: “Governing the food-energy-water nexus to achieve SDGs”

  • To achieve any target in Green Growth, humans need to cooperate.
  • “Tong Ji” translated from Chinese means “people in the same boat should help each other”. It could be a symbol for AIGE.
  • He explained the highly ranked disciplines at Tongji University and some of the Centres of Excellence that could provide intellectual support to the Green Economy / AIGE.
  • The food-energy-water nexus has been well studied – but he proposed to frame it as “a Nexus perspective for sustainability.”
  • He emphasized how within this nexus “everything is connected to everything else”, i.e., if one lacks energy you may have no water and therefore no food. However, these linkages are critical to human existence.
  • He proposed a “New Angle to look at the SDGs”: One goal and its indicators may, in fact, be contingent on another goal that is not based in any numerical, sequential order. He suggested that this re-thinking of SDGs could lead to an assessment of tradeoffs.
  • This approach has three goals: (1) Increase efficiency (2) Reduce negative tradeoffs, and negative spillover effects and (3) Build synergies and explore positive results across disciplines
  • He explained some of the experience of China’s ‘Electricity-Water-Nexus’
  • -Thermal power provide 70% of China’s power and will be the dominant source of energy for the next 2-3 decades
  • -Renewables are booming in China
  • Challenges to the success of the New Nexus are:
  • (1) Increasing Efficiency: includes strengthening standards for water, energy and using alternative water sources
  • (2) Reducing Tradeoffs: He raised the example of how the air cooling diffusion of 1 technology across China led to a reduction of CO2 emissions that was approximately 1/3 of the entire CO2
  • emissions output of Myanmar.
  • (3) Building Synergies: Lifecycle in water and alternative energy.
    There are always tradeoffs inherent in the “New Nexus.”
    Recommendation on Way Forward
    Suggested a Nexus of “3 Is” for AIGE: (1) Nexus of Intelligences (2) Nexus of Institutions and (3) Nexus of Incentives (To promote ecological growth, social development, carbon mitigation, water conservation, increased biodiversity.)
    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ms. Karun Singh, regional Director, Earth Day Network South Asia and Country Director, India

Highlights

  • Called on the AIGE to “go down to the people” in all forms of dialogue / policy / and communication concerning Green Growth. She said that unless the people at the grassroots are engaged it would fail.
  • Stressed the need to explain to people the policies and technologies in Green Economy. Raising awareness is a strong need, in this context.
  • It is vital to empower leaders at local levels with public information campaigns that grassroots people can understand – as many would not understand the concepts of things such as “Carbon Footprint”, etc.
  • Mentioned the “Shared Values, Common Destiny” – ASEAN-India Summit 2018 as an example of the need for “Productive Partnerships”.
  • She explained the enormous importance of Earth Day 2020 and the five global campaigns.
  • Stressed that the Green Economy would lead to enormous windfalls in new employment and economic opportunity.
  • Suggested a shift to introduce Green Economy into universities’ curricula
  • Earth Day Network will mobilize upcoming global campaigns with the following themes – (2018) End Plastic Pollution, in cooperation with Blue Economy; (2019) Endangered Species

Action / Recommendation:
Recommended that AIGE add — (2018) End Plastic Pollution, in cooperation with Blue Economy and (2019) Endangered Species (Protecting species from Extinction) – into the Work Plan.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Discussions

CHAIR – H.E. Ambassador Dr. Luan Thuy Duong, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to the republic of the Union of Myanmar
H.E. Ambassador Dr. Luan Thuy Duong opened the Discussion by making the point that Education and Capacity Building Awareness are central to the success the initiative. She concluded by saying that the session was a wonderful discussion and that the outcomes could be submitted to ASEAN governments.

The ambassador made some global comments in her concluding / synthesis remarks:

(1) Discussions so far have focused on ‘Macro-terms’, but more discussion is needed on ‘Micro-terms’, like: Green Food, Green Water, and others.
(2) ASEAN already has an existing framework on sustainable development. Networks of think tanks and scholars within the region are creating linkages for cooperation. However, there needs to be reflection on how national development strategies of particular countries impact the region, at large. She cited the example of hydropower development in China on the Mekong River, which runs its course through five ASEAN countries. While cooperation within the region necessary, she said cooperation from partners of ASEAN is also important.
(3) Technology discussions for Green Economy are indeed necessary. What is still missing is discussion on: Management Practice and Policy Cooperation.
(4) Suggested to link all suggestions arising from the session to the already existing Three (3) Pillars of ASEAN.
(5) Promote Green Growth technology through AIGE and existing frameworks. Avoid duplication.
(6) Create a common data platform that can aggregate cross-sectoral best practices
(7) Green Growth awareness raising is cost-effective way to achieve success. Aim to introduce curriculum in schools, develop education tools and improve literacy.
(7) Focus on communication at ASEAN level to incorporate Green Economy into the regional economy.
Comments and Suggestions from Participants

Invasive Species in Lakes
In reply to the presentation by Ms. Karun Singh, Regional Director, Earth Day Network South Asia, one participant noted that fresh water invasive species of fish and snail are damaging native fish stocks and spreading diseases in lakes in Myanmar.
Harmonious, Sustainable Development for ASEAN the Next Fifteen Years
∙ Applauding the presentation of Prof. Worsak Kanok-Nukulchai, President, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand — who emphasized ‘Research for the Sustainable Future of Mankind – one participant recommended adding ‘harmony’ into the framework, recognizing the diversity of existing cultures and religions in ASEAN. He suggested Prof. Worsak’s presentation could be a framework for a green growth in the region that also emphasizes harmony.

  • Prof. Worsak replied, saying not to discount the importance of technology. Emerging technology can work hand-in-hand with the Green Economy.

 

Other suggestions / recommendations

  •  Do not focus only on new work for the AIGE. Develop a program that is complimentary to existing ASEAN frameworks.
  • Promote Green Growth technologies through existing platforms.
  • A politically neutral platform for cooperation (within ASEAN) can assist to find solutions to cross-border environmental issues.
  • Green Economy is more than the environment. It is impossible to have zero impact. The key is cost-benefit analysis at what point we can accept a certain degree of impact as a trade- off for other benefits. Nexus of ‘Incentives” is key.

SESSION 6. PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION ON DRAFT AIGE COLLABORATIVE WORK PROGRAMME
Rapporteur: Zaw Naing, Managing Director, Mandalay Technology; Board Member, GEGG

  • Chair H.E Ambassador Eduardo JR Kapounana, Ambassador of the Philippines to the Republic of Union of Myanmar
  • Co-Chair E. Vuthy Deputy Secretary General , National Council for Sustainable Development, Cambodia
  • Presentation by Dr. Nay Htun, GEGG
  • Presentation by U Hla Maung Thein, Director General, Environmental Conservation Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation
  • Principal Discussant, Mr. Ky-Anh Nguyen, Director, Sustainable Development Directorate, ASEAN Socio-cultural Community Department, ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta. Indonesia

Dr. Nay Htun, Green Economy Green Growth
presented an executive summary of the meeting;

  • AIGE is an ASEAN Charter Annrx 2 / Track 2 Entity, endorsed by ASEAN Heads of States and Governments at the 25th ASEAN SUMMIT.
  • Prescribed in the AIGE Terms of Reference AIGE that was reviewed and approved by AMS , the AIGE will be located in Yangon, Myanmar, at the GEGG Center of Excellence for Greening and the AIGE shall be established with scientific and technical personality
  • All participants at this Meeting have made important contributions and express willingness to collaborate in the establishment of a strong, innovative and forward-thinking and looking AIGE.
  • This meeting provided guidance for the preparation of a robust and forward-looking PLATFORM for a multi-year AIGE Collaborative Work Programme, building upon the core PRINCIPLES that emerged from the Meeting

 

The work plans envisaged
Phase 1: Provisional report of the meeting (the statements, presentations, preliminary collaborative work program framework) will be drafted and disseminated by end of Feb 2018.
Phase 2: Elaborating the Collaborative Work Programme from March 2018 onwards:

  • Will calibrate with resources mobilized_ in-kind , funds ,cost sharing, etc and potential prospects made at this Meeting , Meeting high priority needs of ASEAN Member States
  • Series of Dedicated Workshops, clustering around SDGs, etc; critical nexus, e,g, to craft implementable multi-year projects
  • Blue and green sustainability and productivity, and to begin with green fruits
  • Environmental Health and Well Being
  • Low-carbon, renewable and clean energy
  • Education, training, capacity building, joint research
  • WASTES CROSS CUTTING ALL
    Phase 3: Implementation Plan from Mid 2018 onwards

 

  • Aiming to make the AIGE to be a PLATFORM for Collaboration, Networking for Implementation by Core ASEAN Member States and Development Partners
  • Portfolio attenuated with resource
  • Continuous political, institutional, resource (in-kind and funds needed

He further reiterated the notable remarks, expressions, and ideas from the presentations, key note speeches, round-table discussions and participants’ discussions;

  • The three pillars of a healthy economy are noted_ 3Ps: Planet, Profit and People
  • CORE GREEN PRINCIPLES are noted;
  • Nature knows best
  • Natural resources are finite
  • All forms of life are equally important
  • All things are interconnected
  • Everything changes
  • Everything must go somewhere
  • MAJOR PRINCIPLES from the Statements, Eminent Persons Roundtable, and Sessions
  • INTEGRATING
  • HOLISTIC
  • MULTI DISCIPLINARY
  • MULTI SECTORAL
  • INNOVATIVE
  • TRANSFORMATIONAL
  • BENEFITS, INCENTIVES, MOTIVATING factors are important to guide and direct the stakeholders to go for green development; taking into consideration the determinants of :
    – Economics,
    – Financial,
    – Social, Societal,
    – Health and Wellbeing,
    – Ecological, Ecosystem,
    – Promotes awareness, understanding, cooperation,
    – Avoids conflicts,
    – Peace with Self, Neighbor, Nature.
  • SOME ENABLING AND MOBILIZING MEANS were also noted as follows:
  • SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY are developing very fast, and those advancements should be utilized for the sustainable development, and green development.
  • SOCIAL SCIENCES are also noted as important for developing the green economy.
  • MANAGEMENT practices are being developed all over the world for green economy and sustainable development, and we could work together and develop together those practices.
  • We must have CRITICAL THINKING and also the SYSTEMS APPROACH for making necessary changes from traditional norms to green economy and green development.
  • NETWORKING is an essential component to bring in all the stake-holders in the process of green economy development.
  • Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are key stakeholders in the economy, and they must be educated the green and clean practices, and must be supported for their contribution to the green economy development.
  • Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): In September 2015, the global community agreed the Sustainable Development Goals, setting out new development priorities for all countries, post-2015. The 17 new goals have been designed to integrate global ambitions on tackling poverty, reducing inequality, combating climate change, and protecting ecosystems including oceans, forests and biodiversity. It is an ambitious and universal agenda. AIGE will incorporate the SDGs in its goals and missions.
  • Human Resource development and capacity building is basic for the sustainable development.
  • AIGE will work closely with all the stake-holders in the current ongoing education reform processes of ASEAN countries to promote green, clean and sustainable development an imperative priority in the education contexts.
    U Hla Maung Thein, Director General. Environmental Conservation Department under Ministry of Environment Conservation and Forestry, Government of Myanmar
    Provided perspective of Green Economy for Sustainable Development:
  • Integrated approach for a clean environment with healthy and functioning ecosystem for the inclusive and well-being of the people of Myanmar
  • National Green Economy Policy Strategic Framework is central to the Comprehensive Sustainable Development Goals
  • GEPF_ Green Economy Policy Framework has been established;
    – Stimulate green investments from the Private sector
    – Manage the impacts from Brown Investments
    – Ensuring the sustainable financing for the public sector
    – Fostering Human Capital
    He also expressed there are still gaps, challenges, such as-
    – Green Technology development
    – Human Resource requirements
    – Resources mobilization for Research, development and innovation
    – Needs for regulations, standards and practices for PPP (Public Private Partnerships)
    – International cooperation
    – Coordination mechanism and institution
    – Financial Mechanism

H.E Ambassador Eduardo JR Kapounana, Chair of the Session, made a remark that
Planning is essential. He suggested asking three questions in planning process:
– Where are we now?
– Where are we going?
– How to get there?
Mr. Ky-Anh Nguyen, Director, Sustainable Development Directorate, ASEAN Socio-cultural CommunityDepartment, ASEAN Secretariat recap the important points and key elements of discussions, and added a some suggestions;

  • Public Private Partnership (PPP) is important
  • Addressing the ASEAN’s common challenges together
  • Multi-stakeholders participations
    Dr. Devinder Mahajan, Institute Director, Institute of Gas Innovation and Technology (I-GIT), Advanced Energy Research and Technology Center (AERTC) made a comment on the Chairman’s suggestion of three questions on planning that “how to get there is important, and so that defining priority areas and what available technologies could solve those areas may help for successful implementation of AIGE”.
    Dr. Nay Htun requested Dr. Mahanjan if he could prepare a paper, particularly in the cross-cutting theme of Wastes as a Resource and provide this to the GEGG/ AIGE.
    Another participant made the following comments:
  • 4th Question: When are we going to be there? (Timing/ schedule)
  • Timing is very important.
  • Myanmar has a very good potential to be a role model of Green Economy

Case Studies would be helpful
Mr. Ky-Anh Nguyen mentioned that-

  • As AIGE is an ASEAN leaders’ endorsed Institution, so have to follow the ASEAN principles, and regulations, and consultation process with ASEAN secretariat should be carried out e.g.for those TOR and organization structure.

Session 7. The Way Forward
Was Chaired by H.E Dr U Set Aung Deputy Minister for Planning and finance and the Principal Discussant was H.E Ambassador Ong Keng Yong, Executive Deputy Chairman; Director, Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Former ASEAN Secretary General.

H.E Dr. U Set Aung
There is an imperative need to mainstream green economy concepts, strategies, policies and practices into national development plans. The expanding opportunities for green jobs are evident in an increasing number of countries. Solar and wind renewable energy are some of the fastest growing sectors.
The presentations and discussions during the past two days have underscored the economic, social, health and ecological benefits. Important building blocks and directions have been recommended. These would need to be prioritize, taking into account the prevailing and emerging situations. Business as usual and pollute now and clean up later are not options. Building upon the last two days, he looked forward to sharpen and speed up the Way Forward toward a green clean and sustainable ASEAN

H.E Ambassador Ong Keng Yong remarked

  • The AIGE is an ASEAN leaders’ endorsed project, so need to follow the requirements in accordance with the ASEAN organization, but, those procedures should not be restricting the process and development of AIGE institution.
  • With the TOR reviewed and approved by ASEAN Member States, it should not take too long to start AIGE and the implementation of its mentioned works.
  • There are ASEAN institutions, process and projects in those areas mentioned in AIGE’s scope. AIGE would need to collaborate with these institutions on projects and programmes. Green economy is fast emerging and is gaining interest regionally and internationally. .An integrated approach is imperative for green economy and sustainable development.
  • Additional resources need to be mobilized soonest.
  • Should start Public awareness and public education programs, in particular for industry and the private sector who are concerned with jobs loss with transition towards green economy.
  • Advised Public Affairs of ASEAN Secretariat to be involved expeditiously for outreach and awareness.
  • There is no Annex 1 organization
  • As per ASEAN charter, Annex 2 means ASEAN affiliated body.
  • When drawing ASEAN Charter in 2005-06-07, over 80 organizations became Annex 2 organizations.
  • AIGE as Annex 2 is not accurate, because these is a question “where is your physical presence in any other countries in ASEAN apart from Myanmar, as it needs to?”
  • AIGE is an ASEAN Leaders endorsed Track 2 body:
  • Track 1 is Government, Track 2 is non-government, think-tank institutes, etc.,Track 3 is business, Track 4 Youth.
  • For example, Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) was the first Track 2 body.
  • Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) located in Jakarta, funded by ASEAN member states and Japan, is another example.
  • Calling AIGE as Annex 2 is not a good idea, but calling it as Track 2 Body is more appropriate. This gives it greater flexibility to engage with more stake-holders, faster implementation of projects and programmes, and with less procedures and process.
  • It is worthwhile to note that here are a few other institutions working on same direction, such as ACBD (ASEAN Center for Bio-diversity) and ACE (ASEAN Center for Energy).
  • AIGE has the opportunity to develop into an institution that will respond with alacrity , efficiency and effectiveness to respond to the fast emerging challenges and opportunities for a green, clean and sustainable ASEAN
  • UNEP representative made a comment that communication and collaboration among the ministries of the governments and international organizations are important, and he explained how UNEP is closely working with World Health Organization (WHO), and Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, and Ministry of Health in Myanmar.
  • E Vuthy, Deputy Secretary General , National Council for Sustainable Development, Cambodia reiterated that capacity building and building awareness is very important, and also mentioned again that it cannot go further if there is no human resource and suggested to focus on some quick wins.
  • Dr. Nay Htun, GEGG. Thanked the Chairs, Ambassador Ong, Speakers and the Discussants for their extensive and valuable advice as well as freely sharing their vast knowledge. These will be incorporated and reflected in the work plan of AIGE.

He highlighted two initiatives that are well advanced:
– Implementation of a Dedicated Workshop on Green Fruits , a quick and high impact initiative that would bring economic, social, health and ecological benefits to farmers , as well as to consumers.
– Discussions are underway for the establishment of an Unconventional Resource Facility to support AIGE collaborative programmes and projects

Session 8. Closing
H.E. Dr. Myo Thein Gyi, Union Minister for Education, Myanmar, Closing Session Keynote highlighted and emphasized the critically important role of education, training and research.
He took note of the excellent presentations and recommendations and in particular the Session on Education, Training and Research to support green, clean and sustainable ASEAN
The AIGE, endorsed by ASEAN Heads of State and Government, provides a very good process and platform to foster collaboration among ASEAN Member States and beyond. Global Challenges and Opportunities are more effectively addressed collaborative.
He renewed and extended the full cooperation and support of the Ministry of Education to the AIGE that is located in the premises of the GEGG (no for profit) Center of Excellence, situated in the Ministry of Education Department of Research and Innovation, Yangon.
The proximity, common goals and interest for education, training, research enhance and facilitate cooperation between the Ministry of Education, GEGG and AIGE

ANNEX 1

Inaugural Keynote
H.E U Myint Swe, Vice President,
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Mingalarpar!

Union Ministers Executive Director of United Nations Environment, Mr. Erik Solheim Ambassadors of ASEAN Member States, Ambassadors of Development Partners Countries Representatives from the Committee of Natural Resources and Environment of Pyi Thu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw Representatives from UN Agencies Delegates from ASEAN Member States Representatives from Green Economy Green Growth (GEGG) Association Myanmar Excellences’, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen, Good morning,

1. At the very outset, it is my great pleasure and honor to deliver an opening speech at this inception and implementation on meeting on ASEAN Institute of Green Economy. Taking this privilege, on behalf of the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and on my own behalf, I would like to extend a warm welcome to all of you and my gratitude for your significant presence here which reflects your deep appreciation on our regional cooperation and pride to host this significant event.
2. ASEAN with a population of over 630 million is one of the world’s largest economies and of the most dynamic and fastest growing region. Interregional trade is expected to increase significantly and ASEAN is well situated and poised to be a major hub for global trade. Consequently, demand for natural resources will increase in tandem.
3. The majority of ASEAN population still depends on the natural resources for their livelihood. It is, therefore, vitally important that these resources are managed and used in a sustainable manner. However, the region has experienced severe environmental challenges including droughts, natural disasters, loss of biodiversity and depletion of natural resources and climate change as well as the devastation of historical and cultural resources due to increase of population, poverty and climate change impacts among our ASEAN countries.
4. Realizing that economic development cannot be sustained without protecting the environment, ASEAN countries have committed themselves to protect and promote the environment. With this concept in mind, “A clean and green ASEAN with fully established mechanism for sustainable development by 2020” is set as our common goal.
5. With inspired spirit to overcome regional and global environmental problems, collaborative efforts are also crucial at the regional and national level in order to realize the goal of achieving green and clean environment in the entire region. It is our conviction that environmental issues are best tackled collectively, in cooperation with our AMS countries and international organizations.
6. In this regards, AIGE is an innovative foundation to share information and experiences, ways and means and promote dialogue among member countries and Development Partners towards the vision of clean and green environment of our ASEAN region.
Excellences’, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
7. It is my honor to be here today to see the launching of this event at such an important time of Myanmar’s development as well as our entire ASEAN community. More than ever do we need research, knowledge sharing and collaboration to support new policy solutions and ideas that can drive a green economy in ASEAN countries.
8. As of the Terms of Reference of the AIGE which was approved in September 2017, I do believe that the institute will work to “enhance awareness of programs on green technologies and management practices and assist ASEAN Member States through joint research, education and training.”
9. While ASEAN continues to promote the sustainable economic growth agenda, I believe AIGE can support ASEAN countries in identifying opportunities and solutions that can help us address environmental, climate and economic issues to ensure that our
natural wealth is protected and that current as well as future generations can continue to enjoy the many opportunities that ASEAN countries provide.
Excellences’, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
10. Myanmar’s people and economy depend on healthy and functioning ecosystems to provide enough food, clean water, protection against natural disasters, and energy – essential for the survival, wellbeing and socio-economic development of our societies. Therefore, it is critical that we all properly value nature and the essential benefits it provides.
11. We are building an economy that creates jobs, improves human wellbeing and conserves Myanmar’s natural wealth. While our country has suffered from the impact of climate change and environmental degradation, we are laying down new policies and strategies that will change our pathway towards a more sustainable future.
12. In this regard, the development of National Environmental Policy, Strategy and Master Plan, National Climate Change Policy, Strategy and Action Plan, National Waste Management Strategy and Green Economy Policy Framework have been completed in Myanmar. The Green Economy Policy Framework identifies and implements priority areas to be promoted for sustainable and green investments. We need investments that can support our economic development, while improving the wellbeing of our people and protecting our natural wealth.
13. With the aim of environmental mainstreaming in Myanmar, we are incorporating green development and climate change considerations into national, sectoral and local development plans. Moreover, Myanmar is committed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Paris Agreement.
Excellences’, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
14. I do believe that this three-day Meeting will be a platform and great opportunity to discuss among experts and delegates for building an economy by investments that are low-carbon and based on green technologies in our ASEAN region.
15. In conclusion, I would like to urge all of the participants here today to contribute and collaborate for the establishment of a strong, innovative and forward-thinking AIGE. In doing so, I do expect that AIGE can become the center for shaping a green and sustainable ASEAN community.
16. Thank you for your participation and contribution. I wish this important event great success!

 

ANNEX 2

Message
H.E Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
State Counsellor and Foreign Minister
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

I am delighted to welcome all of you to the Inception and Implementation Meeting on the ASEAN Institute for Green Economy (AIGE). It is a great honor for Myanmar to host the AIGE and this auspicious meeting with the cooperation of the non-profit Green Economy Green Growth (GEGG) Association.

ASEAN countries have an opportunity to pursue a green economy that supports the well-being of our people and protects ASEAN’s unique natural wealth, home to some of the most biologically diverse areas on this planet– the basis of our long-term survival and prosperity.

Our countries are vulnerable to climate change and we have suffered from many environmental issues brought about due to highly depending on natural resources. Many of our cities and economic activities are concentrated along coastlines, making them vulnerable to natural disasters.

It is clear that we must pursue a different path moving forward. This will enhance our resilience to climate change, resolve environmental challenges, while creating new economic opportunities and jobs. The only way to resolve the challenges happening over the world is through global cooperation.

The commitment to sustainable development and combatting climate change is clear through ASEAN countries’ commitments to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement.

This is in accordance with the outcomes of the historical conference Rio+20 and the document “The Future We Want”, which emphasized that a green economy should contribute to eradicating poverty as well as sustained economic growth, enhancing social inclusion, improving human welfare and creating opportunities for employment and decent work for all, while maintaining the healthy functioning of the Earth’s ecosystems.

By investing in research, new technologies and support development in green economy, ASEAN countries can lead the way in providing opportunities of new jobs for youth and future generations while protecting our natural wealth.

In our ASEAN economic community blueprint 2025, we have laid down a vision of a community that incorporates a sustainable growth agenda that promotes a science-based use of, and support for, green technology and energy.
Our vision is clear, now we must work together to realize a future, where our ASEAN community is strong economically, where people enhance resilience to climate change. Emerging challenges and opportunities require new and innovative institutions, collaborative mechanisms and policy instruments that can support this transformation.

At the 25th ASEAN Summit, held in Naypyidaw, Myanmar in 2014, the ASEAN Institute for Green Economy (AIGE) was endorsed by ASEAN heads of states. This new institute will serve as a center of excellence to promote policies and practices to address green economy and green growth opportunities, with an aim to increase and improve sustainable development, conservation and efficient use of natural resources, and transition to low carbon technologies to address climate change.

During this meeting, participants are encouraged to discuss integrated, holistic, innovative and collaborative policies, strategies and practices, utilizing state of the art technologies and management that could be considered for promoting green economy and green growth. I hope this meeting will provide guidance for the preparation of a robust and forward-looking Platform for a multi-year AIGE Collaborative Work Programme.

 

I wish this important event great success!

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

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