AIGE Bali Presentation

ASEAN INSTITUTE FOR GREEN ECONOMY (AIGE)
Vision, Mission, Collaborative Work Plan Framework & Implementation

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA)
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC)
DRI, Ministry of Education
Green Economy Green Growth
GEGG (not for profit) Association, Myanmar.

A Work – in – Progress Note
Presented at the
ASEAN Inter-Secretariat Retreat
“Forging Ahead Together”
13 & 14 February 2017 Bali, Indonesia

I. INTRODUCTION

ASEAN aims and purposes stated at its Founding in the “Bangkok Declaration” 8 August 1967 were as pertinent then as it is now: to accelerate economic growth, social progress, cultural development, promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law, and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter, to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community.

II. OBJECTIVES OF AIGE’s FIVE-YEAR WORK PLAN 2017 – 2021

The AIGE Collaborative Work Plan objectives are to support the lofty visions of ASEAN and the 2014 Chairman’s Statement on the establishment of the AIGE. It will transcend sectoral programmes and propose integrated and holistic multi-disciplinary approaches, introducing state of the art technologies and management practices; promoting innovations, fostering partnerships amongst public, private, academia, research institutions and pertinent CSOs. It will draw upon the extensive and intensive six years of experience of Green Economy Green Growth, GEGG Forums and associated activities, as well the pertinent knowledge and experience of ASEAN-related Institutions / Entities; and centers of excellence in ASEAN Member States and beyond. Collaboration amongst AMS will be enabled by fostering and enabling cooperative projects and programmes.

III. MANDATES

Chairman’s Statement of the 25th ASEAN Summit: “Moving Forward in Unity to a Peaceful and Prosperous Community” Nay Pyi Taw, 12 November 2014

“66. We welcomed the launching of the ASEAN Institute for Green Economy (AIGE) in Myanmar to spur collaboration in sustainable development and greening the regional economy. We looked forward to the AIGE to serve as a centre of excellence on Green Economy, being responsive to regional environmental, climate and economic issues, and contributing to building capacity, fostering research, catalysing and facilitating green technologies, improving management practices and promoting national and international cooperation.”

The ASEAN Charter Article 1 (9) has committed to “ensure sustainable development for the benefits of present and future generations and to place the well-being, livelihood and welfare of the peoples at the center of the ASEAN community building process”. These commitments were reiterated in various ASEAN documents, such as the Yangon Resolution on Sustainable Development; the ASEAN Declaration on Sustainability (2007); Bangkok Resolution on ASEAN Environmental Economic Cooperation (2012); 13th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment in Ha Noi, on the development of the ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Environmental Cooperation (ASPAPEC) the Roadmap for Haze-Free ASEAN (2015); Environmental protection and sustainable development continue to be one of ASEAN’s priorities upon the establishment of the ASEAN Community in 2015, as reflected in the adoption of the ASEAN Declaration on Post-2015 Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Agenda (2015).

AIGE Terms of Reference. Reviewed over the past 2 years at ASEAN meetings. The 30 September 2016 Draft Summary Record of the 16 th Meeting of the ASEAN ASCC Council Meeting of 31 August 2016 Vientiane, Lao PDR “Noted that the TOR of AIGE had been endorsed in principles by the 27 th . Meeting of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Environment (ASEON) on 3-4 August 2016 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.” It is envisaged that the AIGE ToR will be approved on the occasion of the 14th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment in 2017 in Brunei Darussalam.

The highlights of the Draft ToR include:

Article 1 Establishment of the ASEAN Institute for Green Economy

An ASEAN Institute for Green Economy, (AIGE), hereinafter referred to as the “Institute” shall be established. The Institute will be located at the Centre of Excellence for Greening (CoE-G) of the Green Economy Green Growth Association, Myanmar (GEGG Myanmar Association) in the campus of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Research and Innovation, Yangon, Myanmar.”

Article 2. The Purpose of the Institute

“The Institute shall serve as a centre of excellence to promote policies and practices to address green economy and green growth opportunities, with an aim to increase and improve sustainable development, conservation and efficient use of natural resources, particularly  energy, water and biodiversity, and transition to low carbon technologies to address climate change The Institute shall: Enhance awareness of programs on green technologies and management practices and ; and Assist interested ASEAN Member States in research and knowledge-sharing of green technologies and management practices including  through joint research, education and training.”

Article 3. The Structure of the Institute 

The Institute shall be composed of:

  • Steering Committee
  • Senior Advisory Group of Experts, (SAGE)
  • Permanent Secretariat

The Steering Committee shall comprise a Representative of each ASEAN Member State, to be appointed by and accountable to the respective Appointing Governments. The Chair of the Steering Committee shall be the Representative of the ASEAN Member State holding the Chairmanship of ASEAN.”

Article 5 Senior Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE)

The SAGE would provide scientific and technical advice on greening policies, strategies and practices to the Steering Committee.

  • The SAGE shall comprise a senior official with knowledge and experience on green and sustainability as appointed by each ASEAN Member State.
  • The Chair of SAGE shall be the Chair of the Steering Committee or his/her representative.
  • The Executive Director of the AIGE will be an ex-officio member of SAGE.
  • SAGE members will serve for two years, renewable for more terms than two years.
  • An internal process will be put in place to ensure that at any one time, only up to half the members are revolved, so as to ensure institutional continuity.
  • The GEGG Myanmar Association will provide the scientific and technical resources as well as the facility for the SAGE.

Article 8 Financial Arrangements

  • Funding for the establishment of the Institute shall be borne by the host country and the operation will be carried out on the project basis.
  • The ASEAN Member States may consider making voluntary contribution to support the operation of the Institute.
  • The Institute may seek project-based voluntary funding from ASEAN Member States on an ad hoc basic which should be requested in a timely manner.
  • The Institute can mobilize additional resources from Dialogue Partners, interested countries, international and regional organizations, financial and any other institutions, corporations or individuals to fund project-based activities.
  • The resources mobilized to fund the project-based activities may also be reallocated, where appropriate, to support the operations of the Institute, subject to the approval of the Steering Committee.

Article 10 Scientific and Technical Personality

The Scientific and Technical Personality of the Institute shall be established with the cooperation of the Centre of Excellence of Greening, CoE-G of the Green Economy Green Growth, the GEGG Myanmar Association which will also be the national consultant.

IV. PRINCIPLES

The AIGE Collaborative Work Plan of AIGE, will adhere to the principles, mandate, functions and modalities of the TOR as well as the ASEAN Charter and the Chairman's Statement of the 25th ASEAN Summit.

Participation by various sectors of society of each ASEAN Member State and Collaborating Partners in the implementation of the Work Plan shall be determined by AIGE, taking into consideration the need to encourage as broad a participation as possible.

V. COLLABORATIVE WORK PLAN FRAMEWORK (based on the Mandates and Functions of AIGE as provided for in the TOR)

The Proposed Collaborative Work Plan is in three Phases. The First Phase, (Jan – Sept 2017), is organizing and convening the AIGE Inception and Scoping meeting. The Second Phase (October 2017 – December 2018) will be developing a consortium of partners for the preparation of the multi-year Work Programme The Third Phase 2018 – December 2021) will be implementation and applying Outcomes for Policy and Strategies.

The Work Programme will be administratively and technically supported by the GEGG and its Center of Excellence for Greening, CoE-G Located in the premises of the Department of Research & Innovation, DRI Ministry of Education in Yangon.

The CoE-G currently consist of a large Transformational Hall that can seat over 400 persons and was visited by their Majesties the King and Queen of Norway in December 2014; a Translational Clinic where the GEGG offices are located as well as the envisaged AIGE offices; a 12 Century Pyatthat, a Royal structure used by Kings and Monarchs, an amphitheater that can seat around 100 people; solar roofed carparks to demonstrate solar energy generation; storage battery; mini-grid; complimented by a compact Urban Natural Park & Ecosystem, a number of small natural meadows and the soon to be constructed GSRS (Green Sustainable Resilient Smart) Innovation Laboratory.

This integrated and symbiotic natural and built system complex will be complimented by the DRI Myanmar Meteorological Institute that is under construction.

The complex will be used for demonstration, education and translational research and will support the AIGE

Shown in this note are the provisional conceptual design for the GSRS Innovation Laboratory, where it will be located in the GEGG CoE-G complex with the Translational Building that will house the AIGE Offices.

VI. PROVISIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION IN 2017 TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE GOLDEN JUBLIEE OF ASEAN

To launch the AIGE, an “Interim Secretariat” will be formed to prepare and organize the Inception and Scoping Meeting during the last quarter of 2017 and to contact / liaise with perspective partners, particularly in ASEAN.

The Interim Secretariat would include an Interim Director, Senior Advisors, Programme Officers, Administrative staff. The Government of Myanmar would be seconding personnel. In addition GEGG staff will fully augment and support the work of the Interim Secretariat.

The GEGG extensive experience and growing network of national and international partners, developed during the past six years, particularly in organizing the large Annual Forums, will be supporting the Interim Secretariat. The highlights of the work of GEGG is available in the website

< www.geggmyanmar.org >

PHASE ONE.

January – September 2017 .A critical step in the Collaborative Work Plan is convening the AIGE Inception and Scoping meeting in Yangon during the last quarter of 2017 to be attended by AMS, The Government of Myanmar will send invitations to AMS and other invitees, in iscussion with the ASEAN Secretariat. The Provisional Agenda for the Meeting will be attached to the invitation.

PHASE TWO

October 2017 – December 2018

  • The outcome of the Meeting will provide the parameters for the Collaborative Work Plan’s Scope; Content; Output / Outcome; Timetable, envisaged Resources / budget; Strategies for Resource Mobilization; Organizational and Institutional framework for collaborative implementation. A core team of international and regional experts, with prospective Partners, will assist in the drafting.
  • The number of Projects and Activities that would be implemented will be guided by the funding resources mobilized and the number of collaborating partners.

PHASE THREE

January 2018 – December 2021

Implementation, Refining, Monitoring, Assessing, Disseminating Outputs. Integrating these into education, training, capacity building and recommending for decision making. The proposed Components and their respective projects would be aligned, integrating, and holistic, promoting collaboration, innovation, sustainability, resiliency, smart and inclusiveness.

The Provisional Framework for the collaborative Work Plan consists of five Components / Mandates with Six Elements each. This Framework address the 25 th ASEAN Summit Chairman’s Statement on AIGE and the Draft ToR

Component Mandate 1. Improving Green and Blue Productivity

At the 16th ACCSM Preparatory Meeting held in Langkawi, Malaysia on 11-12 April, 2011, nine projects, including Green Productivity Improvement, were proposed. These were adopted at the first ASEAN+3 Heads of Civil Service Meeting in Putrajaya, Malaysia on 4 October, 2012. Myanmar agreed to host the ASEAN Green Productivity Seminar in 2014 during its Chairmanship of the 17th ACCSM. This was organized by Myanmar Union Civil Service Board, UCSB Training Center at Pyin Oo Lwin 17 to 21 March 2014. The 22-page Outcome document (22 March 2014) was adopted.

1 Valuing Natural Capital, Ecosystem Services; Management; Natural Resource “ Green” Accounting, Development of Valuation Protocols / Guidelines; Payment for Ecosystem services Site specific research
2 Green horticulture / agriculture, with emphasis on value/higher nutrition fruits and vegetables with green production techniques (e.g. crop nutrients, pests, water, energy)
3 Minimizing Post Harvest Losses
4 Preventing and minimizing land based pollution and alien invasive species
5 Improving sustainability and productivity of Rivers and Lakes. Integrated Aquaculture and Agriculture,
6 Enabling Science-Led governance and involvement of local communities for management of marine resources (Building upon the UNDP GEF / Smithsonian, FFI, GEGG “Integrated Ridges to Reefs” project


Component Mandate 2. Transition towards Low-carbon, Renewable and Clean Energy

The provisions of the Paris Accord and the 2015 G7 Summit Leaders Endorsement of a decarbonized global economy within the course of this century and the UN SDG s would be inputs. In addition, the ASEAN Center for Energy, APAEC, and the Hanoi Action Plan (HPA) on Energy Cooperation (2016 – 2025) under the ASEAN Vision 2020 with the six fundamental Programme Areas: 1) ASEAN Power Grid (APG); 2) TransASEAN Gas Pipeline (TAGP); 3) Energy Efficiency and Conservation; 4) New and Renewable Sources of Energy; 5) Coal and Clean Coal Technologies; and 6) Regional Energy Outlook, Energy Policy and Environmental Analysis, will be taken into account.

The focus on the AIGE Component will be on expeditious transition to low carbon, renewable and next generation of clean energy.

1 Increasing Low carbon, Clean Energy Buildings and Infrastructures
2 Promoting & Enabling Technologies, incentives and normative measures for minimizing and removing carbon from fossil fuels use
3 Proposing Policies, technologies economic incentives and financial mechanisms to increase renewable energy use
4 Researching, developing, promoting Energy Capture & Harvesting Beyond Conservation & Efficiency
5 Researching and Enabling, research and development to accelerate next generation of clean energy
6 Good engineering & management practices for low-carbon energy applications

Component Mandate 3. Protecting and improving Environmental Health

According to WHO, many environmental health risks are linked to economic development, rapid and unplanned urbanization and industrialization. Environmental health consists of preventing or controlling disease, injury, and disability related to the interactions between people and their environment. Globally, nearly 25 percent of all deaths and the total disease burden can be attributed to environmental factors

Most governments are unprepared to address these threats to health that require close collaboration between health and environment ministries and policy measures involving other sectors (such as transport, energy, housing, agriculture and trade).”

Environmental health risks are long-standing, such as unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation and lack of appropriate waste management systems. Emerging threats are increasing, such as air pollution, exposure to toxic and hazardous chemicals, climate change and poor occupational conditions.

The U.S. Department of Energy estimates the health-care industry surpasses all other service industries for energy spent, with the exception of transportation
The WHO UNEP Regional Forum on Environment and Health and the Regional Action Plan on Healthy ASEAN
Lifestyles will provide inputs for this Component

1 Researching and determining social economic costs of pollution and impairment of ecosystem services
2 Multi-sectoral management of communicable / infectious diseases
3 Multi-sectoral management of communicable / infectious diseases
4 Institutional mechanisms & organizational structures for integrating Environmental Health into Green Economic Policies
5 Preventing, minimizing toxic chemicals, managing and disposing hazardous, infectious wastes
6 Promoting and Enabling green living

Component Mandate 4. Disaster Management, Risks Reduction, and Recovery

ASEAN Member States with a combined population of 640 million, experience average direct economic losses from disasters of US$4.4 billion every year, representing “an enormous socio-economic cost” which threatens sustainable development and livelihoods.

The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency response, AADMER of July 2005, expected to be ratified soon, and the ASEAN UNISDR, WB Disaster Risk Reduction, DRR MoU will provide the context and important inputs.

The AIGE Component will focus on how “greening” would minimize risks and disasters, and with attention on anthropogenic risks and disasters presentation, reduction and management.

1 Promoting “green” infrastructures and buildings in cities and rural areas
2 Sustainable and Resilient Recovery ( integrating social, economic, ecological parameters)
3 Strengthening and Expanding Awareness, Early Warning Systems , mobilizing information, communication technologies, social media and communities
4 Researching and determining robust social and economic costs and recommending mechanisms for integration into planning and decision making
5 Preventing and minimizing Technological. Anthropogenic Accidents
6 Strengthening EIA procedures to incorporate risks of disasters acceptance, identification, assessment and mitigation.


Component Mandate 5. Capacity Building, Training, Education, Research

The ASEAN Community 2015, Roadmap aims for a clean and green environment for the region, and resolves to promote sustainable development through environmental education and public participation. Environmental Education (EE) has been defined as the process of helping people, through formal and non-formal/informal education, to acquire understanding, skills and values that will enable them to participate as active and informed citizens in the development of an ecologically sustainable and socially-just society. The 2014 -2018 ASEAN Environmental Education Action Plan (AEEAP) contributes to this vision by providing a regional framework for enhancing public awareness on environmental management for sustainable development, and to accelerate the development and advancement of environmental education as a key integrating component for achieving sustainable development in the region. The Four AEEAP Target Areas provides a framework for developing the focus on capacity for a fast transition towards a green economy. This component will systematically utilize the experience and knowledge acquired by the other Components of the AIGE Work programme.

1 Develop Vocational and corporate training modules and materials with focus on integrated and holistic greening technologies, economics and management practices
2 Virtual network of openly accessible data bases, including spatial data developed with GIS and remote sensing;
3 Knowledge bank (with focus on digital) of teaching resource (e.g. curricula; handbooks and guidelines) on state of the art technologies, management practices and traditional knowledge.
4 Network of Green and Healthy University Campuses.
5 Develop network of Research Institutions with focus on translational research to support and enable green economy
6 Mobilizing traditional media for increasing awareness in rural areas

 


The New GSRS Innovation Laboratory, with state of the art green technologies and materials and traditional architectural features.

The GSRS Innovation Laboratory in the existing GEGG Center of Excellence for Greening complex

The 11th. Century Pyatthat with the amphitheater (top picture), and
The Transformational Hall and Translational Clinic Buildings where the AIGE offices will be located

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